- In 40 years, the rate of ascent through the troposphere has increased rapidly.
- If the lower part of the atmosphere rises, there will be more problems in the aviation sector.
- Countries around the world will need to rapidly reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
Such a dangerous change is taking place in the Earth’s atmosphere that it will have a direct impact on our flights. In other words, our airplanes will have to tolerate more air turbulence. If you want to avoid this, you will have to increase the flight height of the planes. That is, the communication technology and the navigation system of the aircraft will have to be made more powerful. In fact, the lower part of Earth’s atmosphere is expanding.
In the past 40 years, the lower part of the atmosphere has moved upward over Earth’s northern hemisphere. In other words, it is spreading rapidly. It climbs 164 feet every ten years. In common scientific parlance, this lower part is called the troposphere. The main reason for this is climate change. This was recently revealed in the Journal. Progress of science In a study published in.
Scientist Bill Randall of the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, Colorado. Statement I said that our atmosphere is being greatly affected. This is a straightforward way of understanding that if the troposphere increases due to climate change, greenhouse gases will take their place. Because of this, the climate will change, non-seasonal clouds will form. Aircraft will have to deal with the problem of air turbulence due to cloud formation at higher altitudes.
What is the troposphere?
The troposphere layer is the lowest part of our atmosphere. In this part we live and breathe. It starts from the surface of the sea. Its height at the poles is 7 kilometers. Whereas, its height at the equator is 20 kilometers. Inside this layer there is heat and humidity. Because many kinds of atmospheric activities take place. For example, rain, storm, cyclone, etc.
Air in the atmosphere moves upward or expands when heated. Therefore, the upper limit of the troposphere is called the tropopause. Naturally, it keeps happening more and more. Varies by season. If more greenhouse gases are released, the heat in the atmosphere will increase. Due to which the tropopause will rise.
The troposphere has accelerated in 40 years
According to the study, between 1980 and 2000, the troposphere increased 50 meters every ten years. But between 2001 and 2020, it has increased at a speed of 174 feet every ten years. The lower part of the atmosphere was affected by two large volcanic eruptions in the 1980s and seasonal changes in the 1990s due to El Niño. But since 2001, due to human activities, 80 percent of the troposphere has increased. That is, because of climate change.
Bill Randall says that scientists around the world have yet to come to a conclusion about what kind of effects the ascent through the troposphere will cause. But one thing is that the climate will change more. Due to the storm clouds, planes will have to deal with more than just air turbulence. Therefore, the world has to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases. Otherwise, there could be a huge impact on the aviation service.