Pollution level in Delhi Deadly chemicals released by firecrackers reached inhalation, tiny particles dissolved in blood


Summary

There has been an increase in toxic substances in the air of Delhi. Fireworks have spoiled the climate in the capital. The deadly chemical released by the firecrackers has even made it difficult to breathe.

After the fireworks, a layer of fog covered Delhi.
– Photo: Amar Ujala

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The air in Delhi and neighboring states turned stifling after the Supreme Court ban and ‘smoke smoke’ claiming state governments. The Air Quality Index (AQI) crossed 400 since Thursday night and rose above 450 in the severe category on Friday. The worst air was Noida (475 AQI). Delhi’s overall average AQI stood at 533 this morning.

The morning after Diwali, a thick layer of smog covered all of Delhi-NCR and neighboring states. People found it difficult to breathe outdoors. Sore throat, burning eyes and tears coming out. Respiratory patients suffered the most. The Supreme Court had said in its order that we cannot allow anyone’s life to be endangered in the name of the celebration.

The court had only allowed the use of green cookies. While the Delhi government had banned the sale, storage and use of firecrackers on Diwali due to the deterioration of the air. Despite all this, cookies began to erupt in the National Capital Region from Diwali night and as the night progressed, the fireworks intensified and the entire sky was covered with smoke.

There has also been an increase in toxic substances released by firecrackers, making it difficult for people to breathe. Because of this, many patients have been admitted to Delhi hospitals in the last day, on which the pneumonitis chemical emanating from the firecrackers has been identified.

Max Hospital’s Dr. Vikas Goswami says that the chemicals and smog released by firecrackers can cause the lungs to stiffen, reducing the lungs’ ability to carry oxygen to the body. If left untreated, the condition can lead to respiratory failure, lung cancer, or even death. He said that this time many cases of chemical pneumonitis were reported instead.

On the other hand, Dr. Uma Kumar, a senior at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi, said that due to increased pollution on Diwali night, small particles of chemicals dissolve in the blood after reach the body. through inhalation, it can harm anyone. Enough to drive them into the clutches of deadly disease. He gave this information citing AIIMS’s own medical study.

Due to the sudden increase in pollution, many families had to make hospital visits on Diwali night. In addition to dengue, malaria and seasonal diseases, the number of patients has increased due to corona infection and contamination, so the burden of hospitals has also multiplied. The situation is that there are not even beds available in most of Delhi’s government hospitals today.

Dr. Goswami said that there are two different types of pneumonitis patients. Some people arrive with symptoms such as coughing, shortness of breath, abnormal lung sounds (heavy, wet breathing), chest pain, tightness, or burning. While many people have been admitted due to persistent coughs, shortness of breath, and respiratory illnesses.

These symptoms of chronic chemical pneumonitis may sometimes not be present and can take months to appear, he said.
According to doctors, at present there are dangerous chemicals like carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, manganese dioxide, zinc oxide, nitrates etc in Delhi air, but pneumonitis chemical affects directly, causing a burning sensation in the lungs or we can say that it can cause shortness of breath.

Toxic chemicals dissolved in that blood.
PM 2.5 and particles as small as one micron dissolve in the blood upon entering the body while breathing. The body’s immune system considers them foreign particles and begins to produce antibodies to fight them. These antibodies also begin to attack cells in the knees or other joints. Professor Uma said that in a study it has been shown that when the level of pollution increases, its symptoms begin to increase in people suffering from arthritis.

This can lead to pain, stiffness, and swelling in the joints. The doctor said in Uma that if the symptoms of arthritis are shown, one should not hesitate to visit the rheumatologist. The sooner treatment begins, the less damage will occur to the joints and the less chance of future joint disorders. On Friday, more than 65 patients arrived at the Delhi Government Loknayak Hospital in critical condition. While some 210 patients, including DDU, Rajiv Gandhi Super Specialty, GTB, Dr. Hedgewar, and Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar Hospital, have come in with complaints of shortness of breath and chest pain.

At the same time, more than 150 patients have arrived at the AIIMS emergency in the last two days. AIIMS doctors said that if there is any improvement in air quality soon, it will benefit patients suffering from various diseases, including asthma.

patients also increased here
In addition to Saket Max and Vasant Kunj Fortis Hospital, more than 500 patients are coming to OPD in Paras, BLK, Apollo Hospitals. In the last three days, the OPD of more than 100 patients has increased at Kalra Hospital. There are about 35 patients here on Friday, who have arrived with phlegm and severe respiratory problems due to the contamination.

At the same time, Dr. Arvind Agarwal from Balaji Hospital says that due to increased pollution in Delhi, people not only have shortness of breath, but it affects the whole body. More than 12 asthma patients have come home in a single day. Dr Navneet Sood from Dharamshila Narayana Hospital said that the number of patients has suddenly increased in the last day. On Diwali night, many people came for emergency treatment. – Difficulty breathing and wheezing.
– The cough begins when climbing stairs or walking briskly
– coughing with laughter or anger
-Red nose, chest tightness, shortness of breath at night and in the morning

Do this when you have an asthma attack.
-Try to be relaxed-stress free, loose clothing
Use an inhaler for your comfort.
If there is no relief within 5 minutes of taking the medicine, redo the dose of the medicine; If there is still no relief, see your doctor right away.

protect well
In this situation, avoid going out in the morning and at night.
Avoid cricket, hockey, cycling, marathon if the AQI index is more than 150
Do not go for a walk or run in the park even if the pollution level is above 200
Do not walk long distances when the pollution level is higher than 300
-When the level is above 400, stay indoors, don’t even go for a normal walk
Better quality masks need to be used.
Keep drinking fluids and don’t get dehydrated

Expansion

The air in Delhi and neighboring states turned stifling after the Supreme Court ban and ‘smoke smoke’ claiming state governments. The Air Quality Index (AQI) crossed 400 since Thursday night and rose above 450 in the severe category on Friday. The worst air was Noida (475 AQI). Delhi’s overall average AQI stood at 533 this morning.

The morning after Diwali, a thick layer of smog covered all of Delhi-NCR and neighboring states. People found it difficult to breathe outdoors. Sore throat, burning eyes and tears coming out. Respiratory patients suffered the most. The Supreme Court had said in its order that we cannot allow anyone’s life to be endangered in the name of the celebration.

The court had only allowed the use of green cookies. While the Delhi government had banned the sale, storage and use of firecrackers on Diwali due to the deterioration of the air. Despite all this, cookies began to erupt in the National Capital Region from Diwali night and as the night progressed, the fireworks intensified and the entire sky was covered with smoke.

There has also been an increase in toxic substances released by firecrackers, making it difficult for people to breathe. Because of this, many patients have been admitted to Delhi hospitals in the last day, on which the pneumonitis chemical emanating from the firecrackers has been identified.

Max Hospital’s Dr. Vikas Goswami says that the chemicals and smog released by firecrackers can cause the lungs to stiffen, reducing the lungs’ ability to carry oxygen to the body. If left untreated, the condition can lead to respiratory failure, lung cancer, or even death. He said that this time many cases of chemical pneumonitis were reported instead.

On the other hand, Dr. Uma Kumar, a senior at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi, said that due to increased pollution on Diwali night, small particles of chemicals dissolve in the blood after reach the body. through inhalation, it can harm anyone. Enough to drive them into the clutches of deadly disease. He gave this information citing AIIMS’s own medical study.

Due to the sudden increase in pollution, many families had to make hospital visits on Diwali night. In addition to dengue, malaria and seasonal diseases, the number of patients has increased due to corona infection and contamination, so the burden on hospitals has also multiplied. The situation is that there are not even beds available in most of Delhi’s government hospitals today.


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