Everything you need to know about vaccination during pregnancy


Suruchi Patwary, August 27, 2021

Pregnant woman getting vaccinated by Marina Demidiuk |  www.shutterstock.com

Pregnant woman getting vaccinated by Marina Demidiuk | www.shutterstock.com

Unlike the first wave, the second wave of COVID-19 saw numerous pregnant women infected with the coronavirus. COVID-19 can cause substantial problems during pregnancy, especially in the last trimester, when the uterus expands and presses on the diaphragm, limiting a woman’s ability to cope with a drop in oxygen saturation. This could cause a sharp drop in blood oxygen saturation, endangering the lives of both mother and child.

Vaccinations are a way out of this condition. Vaccines help prevent serious diseases in pregnant women. Infection with COVID-19 during pregnancy can result in a rapid deterioration of the health of a pregnant woman, in addition to causing harm to the fetus.

We spoke with Dr. Nadini Devi, Senior Consultant – OBG, Manipal Hospital to understand more about vaccination for pregnant women, the risks and benefits and everything else about it. And she started by saying:

The benefits of vaccination for pregnant women, experts say, far outweigh the risks. Information and data related to COVID-19 on pregnancy and vaccines, respectively, are changing hourly. However, the full impact of COVID-19 on pregnancy outcomes for the mother, fetus and newborn is not yet clear.

Women who do not have complications during pregnancy can receive the vaccine. The goal is to analyze the risks and benefits individually so that a pregnant woman can make a more informed decision. This choice is based on the woman’s belief that the risk of infection and / or morbidity from COVID-19 outweighs the known risks of vaccination during pregnancy.

Pregnant woman getting vaccinated by Huseyin Eren Obuz |  www.shutterstock.com

Pregnant woman getting vaccinated by Huseyin Eren Obuz | www.shutterstock.com

Here’s why you should take the jab

Pregnancy does not increase the chances of COVID-19 infection. However, current research suggests that pregnant women are at higher risk of contracting serious illness from COVID-19 than non-pregnant women if they do get sick. Pregnant women with COVID-19 are also at increased risk for preterm delivery and other negative pregnancy outcomes. Most pregnant women will be asymptomatic or have a moderate condition, but their health can deteriorate rapidly and affect prenatal results.

Because the benefits of vaccination outweigh the drawbacks, such as in pregnant women at high risk of exposure to COVID-19, the WHO recommends vaccination in pregnant women. Additionally, pregnant women with comorbidities are at increased risk of developing severe COVID-19 disease. Therefore, pregnant women should definitely consider taking the COVID-19 vaccine.

Although most infected pregnant women recover without the need for hospitalization, some may experience rapid deterioration in health. Symptomatic pregnant women tend to be at increased risk of severe illness and mortality. Pregnant women with symptomatic COVID-19 had a higher risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes, such as ICU hospitalization, iatrogenic preterm delivery, pre-eclampsia-like symptoms, cesarean section, and mortality, compared to pregnant women who have received the vaccine. COVID-19.

Get Vaccinated by PhotobyTawat |  www.shutterstock.com

Get Vaccinated by PhotobyTawat | www.shutterstock.com

When can it be hit?

If a pregnant woman chooses to get vaccinated, she can do so at any time during her pregnancy. Based on current research and guidelines, any trimester is considered safe OR (Second trimester can be considered. If a woman has been exposed to COVID-19 during her pregnancy, she should be vaccinated as soon as indicated in the schedule as in the non-pregnant population). .

What happens once you get poked?

Existing COVID-19 vaccines are safe, and the vaccine protects pregnant women from the virus in the same way that it protects other people. Based on current knowledge, experts believe that COVID-19 vaccines are unlikely to pose a risk to pregnant women or the fetus. However, a vaccine, like any other treatment, can cause adverse effects, which are generally mild or mild.

After receiving the vaccine, you can expect a mild fever, injection site pain, or malaise for 1-3 days. This can be controlled by taking acetaminophen tablets. In very rare cases, the recipient may experience some symptoms within 20 days of the injection and this may require immediate attention. However, the long-term adverse effects and safety of the vaccine for the fetus and child have not yet been established.

Doctors encourage pregnant women to get vaccinated as the group is at increased risk of serious illness from COVID-19, and so far studies have not identified any concerns about the safety of the injections. Vaccination of the mother is likely to provide some degree of protection to the newborn as well, as antibodies developed in the mother’s body after vaccination will pass to the developing fetus through her blood.

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